thum

Thum

Thum, Hans, Mein Freund der Pudel: Aufzucht, Vererbung, Erziehung, Krankheiten, Pflege (Munich: Gersbach & Sohn, 1963). 7th edition.

The following crib/summary was provided to the Poodle History Project by EG in January 2002, from the 7th edition loaned by MC:

"Translation of full title:
My Friend the Poodle: Puppy Raising, Inheritance,Training, Illnesses, Care.

"On the inside title page it's different. There it says:
My Friend the Poodle: Lived and Told by Hans Thum, with 53 photos and 43 drawings.

"Chapter titles listed in the table of contents are:
A Poodle's Life!
Poodles Bring Good Luck / Poodles Bring You Happiness [German uses one word for good luck and happiness]
'Putting on the Dog'
How Long Have There Been Poodles
Psyche
Fashions and dernier cri
Politics and the Dog
Poodle 'Wanted' Poster
Making Breeding Decisions
Inheritance
Mating and Pregnancy
The Litter
Poodle Menu
Puppy Raising
Poodle School
Illnesses and Vaccinations
Health and Beauty Aids
Poodle Hairstyles and Hair Care
The 'Karakul Clip'
To Whom Shall I Entrust my Poodle?
The Poodle Breeders' Club
Shows
Famous Names in Poodle History
My Friend -- The Poodle!
What the Poodle is Called in Other Countries
Whelping Chart

"Here's a little more information about content of some chapters:

"'Putting on the Dog' contains amusing historical / legendary anecdotes about dogs -- not Poodles specifically.

"How Long Have There Been Poodles refers to the oldest source of canine information 'Dog, the Mussel-Eater' and includes a number of interesting pictures
- reproduction of a woodcut of a dog in lion clip titled Canis Aviarius Aquaticus, which it dates circa 1500
- Detail of a 15th century altar painting titled "Presentation at the Temple" by Rogier v.d. Weyden showing what Thum describes as one of the earliest Poodle-type dogs [I don't see a great resemblance. This dog is long-backed and short-legged with rather shaggy stringy white hair.]
- The Three Archangels and the Young Tobias by Francesco Botticini, which includes a small, short-legged, curly-coated white dog at the feet of the middle angel -- also 15th century
- 4 unattributed [at least in the captions] 16th century paintings of small dogs more-or-less resembling Poodles
- drawing of an Irish Water Spaniel, which Thum describes as an ancestor of the modern Poodle
- photo of a famous Poodle with corded coat in Continental with a large bow in topknot circa 1850
- Standard Poodle in 'Standard Clip' a short Continental with scissored cap, moustache, no hip rosettes, and small bracelets quite a bit farther up the leg than our current style, 1930.

"Fashions and dernier cri includes lyrics to 'the latest hit' in which a man bemoans his sweetheart's adoration of little black poodles to the exclusion of all else, even him and apple strudel!

"Psyche discusses the roles of dogs as companions to humans and includes a picture of Bandit, the winner of the International Poodle Race in Berlin.

"The 'Wanted' Poster chapter gives physical descriptions of three varieties
large 45 - 60 cm
small 35-45 cm
dwarf 35 cm and under
and gives considerable attention to correct dentition and bite.

"The chapter on breeding decisions outlines some basic concepts and emphasizes that inexperienced lay-people should never breed a bitch who is less than 28 cm tall. Thum disagrees that inbreeding (when done by knowledgable and experienced experts) is detrimental to the breed and offers as proof England's 6-month quarantine when no new blood was allowed into the country. In spite of this, the English maintained their leading position in many breeds. [!]

"Inheritance gives general information about deciding whether to breed one's dog, lists some serious faults to be avoided, especially in the dwarf size, and gives a simple illustration of coat color inheritance for black and white. He talks briefly about Mendel, dominant and recessive genes, and inheritance of harmful traits. Thum explains that parti-color and mismark are not at all the same thing. Parti-colored poodles have two distinct colors in large patches and mismarks have small flecks of white or brown on the chin, chest, tail, and/or feet. There are two pictures of parti-colored poodles, one of a rather heavyset dog circa 1800 and the other of Vulcan Champagne Camonflage born 1942 and registered with the English Kennel Club [very cute!] He mentions the Carillon kennel and Louise Branch, talks about unfortunate results of color-mixing in the past, and discusses inheritance of breed type and advises against it.

"Health and Beauty Aids--interesting line drawings, p. 73, of '5 centuries of Poodle clips' including both the original karakul clip and the French and American modification of the karakul clip. These make comparisons easy. This chapter also repeatedly mentions the superiority of the karakul clip and gives detailed instructions with diagram for executing it.

"Other interesting tidbits:
Silver is mentioned as a 'new color'
two pictures of poodle racing on pp. 86 and 88
drawing by famous cartoonist Wilhelm Busch of Schopenhauer with his poodle on p. 90
p. 92 pictures of Thomas Mann and Winston Churchill with their poodles.

"The author is indeed the creator of the 'karakul' hairstyle featured in many of the book's pictures. The story of how he came up with the idea is amusing. As an apprentice groomer, he was bathing his first poodle. Once he got the dog thoroughly wet, he was astounded to see that under all the fancy hair there was a normal dog. That gave him the idea of inventing a new modern style that would appeal to more people and make poodles look more like other dogs. He experimented for years before finally settling on the pictured style, which he based on the appearance of a Karakul lamb (pictured on p. 10). The style quickly became very popular, and contributed to a dramatic rise in the popularity of poodles, leading to the foundation of a new German poodle club with Thum as president. He later became president of the International Poodle Breeders' Association. In 1949, the 'karakul' was approved for the German show ring, and entries skyrocketed to previously undreamed-of numbers. The author was also a Poodle judge, and found that entries were sometimes so large that it was difficult to pick a winner. The popularity of the new style also contributed to a large increase in the number of grooming shops, many staffed by relatively unskilled people who, in the author's opinion, mangled the new style shamefully. He describes some of their efforts as looking as if the hair had been shot off with a load of shrapnel or as if the dog were suffering from some horrible disease. He states emphatically that, when the 'karakul' is skillfully done, the untrained eye should find it impossible to tell if it is a haircut or the dog's natural coat.

"Thum is quite opinionated and very proud of his role in popularizing the breed."

MC adds: "...a lot about little dogs in the history section...."

Go back to Rare..., Thum