Koskimies (1906)

"Villakoira = Puudeli

"Again the breed, which German leading researchers claim to be originally from Germany. It has been thought , that the poodle is originally from Spain, and from there imported for example to England. This thought is supported by the fact, that the poorest regions in Spain have the best poodles today. And the first Spanish hunting writers tell about 'perro de aqua' which is the name for the poodle in Spain today. Despite this, for example Strebel claims without proper evidence that the poodle is originally from Germany. But the truth is probably that both are wrong - or right.

"When we are studying the forming and development of the breed, based on facts which are available, we will see that all the countries where the ancestors of the poodle live, can be called the home of the poodle.

"The poodle was bred so that two breeds, curly coated shepherd and some hunting breeds were mixed together. This has not happened by accident, it was been done by some hunter, who has wanted better water resistant coat and the properties of water dogs, bigger size and intelligence.

"In Europe the common name "Pudel" comes from above mentioned quality, playing in water -- pulikoida (in Finnish), puddel (in Swedish) = pudeln. But in Spain the name is different as I mentioned before.

"Already in 1576 there was a poodle (but it has had different name), mentioned by Caius. The name Pudel is first mentioned around 1700. In 1719, Fr. V. Flemming mentions it, and says also some things about the dogís good hunting qualities. The same thing is said in 1746 by D#&246bel in his book Jager-Practica. In 1817 Dr. Walter separates the poodles in two categories according their sizes. In 1836 Reichenbach found it necessary to separate the poodle in four different categories; 'Der Schnurenpudel' is mentioned for the first time. It doesnít have woolly hair, but instead it is corded.

"It is obvious that the Finnish name 'villakoira' is not correct, because the other group of the breed is not woolly ('villakoira = woolly dog'). I would be most satisfied to use common name, with Finnish touch: Puudeli, even if the letter D is not nice to ears.... [Several sentences RE Finnish names for different breeds, fox terrier (foxterrieri), bulldog (bulldoggi), etc.]

"The poodle is pictured in paintings, and the oldest is by Pinturicchio (1454 - 1513), 'Patient Griselda' [Sic? See ...Visuals..., Frankfurt, Master of. Ed.]. Among people there is poodle, which coat has been clipped. When the corded poodle has developed to 'woolly' poodle, is not known for sure.

"When the curly-haired shepherd was bred with the hunting breed, some of the puppies got corded coats and others were "woolly". Corded hairs development and growth is explained thus: the hairs in the curl donít die at the same time. Part of them die and others keep growing. New hairs are connected to the spiral, the old hairs fall away and so it keeps forming. The cording seems to be trait, which has formed through breeding. Unfortunately it must be noticed, that the poodle has developed much worse during the time. Strebel explains that the corded poodle put the woolly poodle aside. The woolly poodle had been very successful in Germany before that.

"The Corded poodle is not easy to breed or take care of; very few people are capable doing this. And the people begun to fear germs and bacteria and they started to avoid corded poodle which is much uglier despite the groomers abilities. Today the woolly poodle is much more popular than the corded one in Europe.

"Poodles inner qualities are widely known. Its intelligence has become famous. Strebel says, that when he was young, he had a poodle who was as smart as human. I borrow from his story following: 'He always did some chores to my mother. He fetched the key basket from another room and it was very easy to him, because he could open the doors without help from humans. He closed the doors if he was told to do so, not before. He knew all our names; when our mother sent him to someone, he never got it wrong. He knew the exact time when newspaper arrived and went to meet the person who brought it, took the paper and very proudly gave it to us. He slept his nights in the basket which was kept in the bathroom during the days. In the evening he fetched his basket himself...

"Already when the poodle is young, it has love towards water and fetching, and only the Newfoundland dogs can do the same."

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